June is Cataract Awareness Month

June 1st, 2016 by Carolina Eye Associates

Cataracts are the leading cause of vision loss in the United States, and it is the leading cause of blindness in the world. There are 24 million Americans over the age of 40 who are affected by cataracts. A cataract is a clouding of the natural lens inside the eye. This lens, located behind the iris, works just like the lens of a camera; focusing light images on the retina, which sends images to the brain. The human lens can become so clouded it keeps light and images from reaching the retina.

Vision with cataracts is often described as seeing through an old, cloudy film. Is your vision blurry or foggy? Do colors appear dull or muted? Are your glasses no longer working? Does sunlight or other light seem overly bright or glaring? Do you have decreased night vision or see halos around lights? If so, you may have cataracts.

Even though cataracts are common, they are very simple to treat. The solution is cataract surgery where the surgeon removes the clouded lens and replaces it with an intraocular lens (IOL). Only a miniscule incision in the cornea is necessary to do this procedure, and it can be completed in an outpatient surgery center.

There is no proven way to prevent age-related cataracts. However, choosing a healthy lifestyle can slow the progression of cataracts. Some ways to delay the progression of cataracts include avoiding smoking, reducing exposure to UV rays, eating healthy foods and wearing proper eye protection to avoid eye injury.

For more information on cataracts and other services offered by Carolina Eye, call (800) 733-5357.

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